CT Angiography is a noninvasive imaging study that helps see fat and calcium deposits that have accumulated in the coronary arteries. These deposits, called plaques, can lead to blockages which can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, and/or heart attacks. If you have high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, a family history of heart disease, diabetes, and/or smoke, you may be at risk for developing these plaques.
Patients should discuss with their primary physician or cardiologist whether this study would be helpful to assess their cardiac health. The most common reasons to order a CTA of the Coronary Arteries are to:
Pictures are taken of the heart and coronary arteries using a special type of x-ray machine called a 64-slice multi-detector CT scanner. These pictures are obtained while contrast dye is given intravenously. The patient lies on an open table within a large donut-like structure that takes the pictures. The CTA scan is pain-free and takes 10 minutes.
CTA is the only noninvasive way to directly see plaque in the coronary arteries, and provides actual pictures of your arteries to help to accurately and painlessly assess your cardiac health.
Coronary catheterization is a more invasive test requiring a catheter (small tube) to be threaded into the coronary arteries. Dye is injected and pictures are taken. Although cardiac catheterization is excellent at finding blockages, unlike coronary CTA, it cannot see plaque in the walls of the coronary arteries that are not yet causing narrowing. Early detection aids early treatment. If a patient has a large blockage seen with CTA, then cardiac catheterization may be required later to open the blockage.
Another test, called a stress test, can be performed in conjunction with coronary CTA to see how well the heart muscle is functioning.
If you have further questions, please call us at 800-758-5545.